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IP Lookup (ipstack) Plugin

In this document, you’ll learn how to install the IP Lookup plugin on your Medusa backend.


Location detection in a commerce store is essential for multi-region support. Medusa provides an IP Lookup plugin that integrates the backend with ipstack to allow you to detect a customer’s location and, ultimately, their region.

This guide explains how you can install and use this plugin.


Medusa Backend

Before you follow this guide, you must have a Medusa backend installed. If not, you can follow the quickstart guide to learn how to do it.

ipstack Account

You need an ipstack account before using this plugin. You can create a free account with ipstack on their website.

Install Plugin

In the root directory of your Medusa backend, run the following command to install the IP Lookup plugin:

npm install medusa-plugin-ip-lookup

Then, add the following environment variable in .env:


Where <YOUR_ACCESS_KEY> is your ipstack account’s access key. It’s available in your ipstack dashboard.

Finally, add the IP lookup plugin into the plugins array exported as part of the Medusa configuration in medusa-config.js:

const plugins = [
// other plugins...
resolve: `medusa-plugin-ip-lookup`,
options: {
access_token: process.env.IPSTACK_ACCESS_KEY,

Test the Plugin

The plugin provides two resources: the IpLookupService and the preCartCreation middleware.


Due to how Express resolves the current IP when accessing your website from localhost, you won’t be able to test the plugin locally. You can either use tools like ngrok to expose the 9000 port to be accessed publicly, or you have to test it on a deployed backend.


The IpLookupService can be used in other services, API Routes, or resources to get the user’s location by their IP address. It has only one method lookupIp that accepts the IP address as a parameter, sends a request to ipstack’s API, and returns the retrieved result.

For example, you can use the IpLookupService in a custom API Route and return the user’s region:


You can learn more about creating an API Route here.

import type { 
} from "@medusajs/medusa"

export const GET = async (
req: MedusaRequest,
res: MedusaResponse
) => {
const ipLookupService = req.scope.resolve(
const regionService = req.scope.resolve<RegionService>(

const ip = req.headers["x-forwarded-for"] ||

const { data } = await ipLookupService.lookupIp(ip)

if (!data.country_code) {
throw new Error ("Couldn't detect country code.")

const region = await regionService



The preCartCreation middleware can be added as a middleware to any route to attach the region ID to that route based on the user’s location. For example, you can use it on the Create Cart API Route to ensure that the user’s correct region is attached to the cart.

For example, you can attach it to all /store routes to ensure the customer’s region is always detected:

import type { MiddlewaresConfig } from "@medusajs/medusa"
const { preCartCreation } = require(

export const config: MiddlewaresConfig = {
routes: [
matcher: "/store/*",
middlewares: [preCartCreation],
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