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Deploy Gatsby Storefront on Netlify

In this document, you’ll learn how to deploy the Gatsby Storefront on Netlify.

Alternatively, you can use this button to deploy the Gatsby Storefront to Netlify directly:

Deploy to Netlify

Prerequisites

Medusa Components

Before proceeding with this documentation, it is assumed you already have the Gatsby storefront installed locally. If not, please go through the quickstart guide first.

Additionally, this documentation does not cover how to deploy the Medusa server. If you want to deploy the Medusa server, check out one of the deployment documentation related to the Medusa server.

Needed Accounts

  • A Netlify account to deploy the Gatsby storefront.
  • A GitHub account where you will host the repository for the Gatsby storefront.
tip

If you want to use another Git Provider, it’s possible to follow along with this guide but you’ll have to perform the equivalent steps in your Git Provider.

Required Tools

Create GitHub Repository

Before you can deploy your Gatsby storefront you need to create a GitHub repository and push the code base to it.

On GitHub, click the plus icon at the top right, then click New Repository.

Create Repository

You’ll then be redirected to a new page with a form. In the form, enter the Repository Name then scroll down and click Create repository.

Repository Form

Push Code to GitHub Repository

The next step is to push the code to the GitHub repository you just created.

After creating the repository, you’ll be redirected to the repository’s page. On that page, you should see a URL that you can copy to connect your repository to a local directory.

GitHub Repository URL

Copy the link. Then, open your terminal in the directory that holds your Gatsby storefront codebase and run the following commands:

git init
git remote add origin <GITHUB_URL>

Where <GITHUB_URL> is the URL you just copied.

Then, add, commit, and push the changes into the repository:

git add .
git commit -m "initial commit"
git push origin master

After pushing the changes, you can find the files in your GitHub repository.

Deploy to Netlify

This section covers how to deploy Netlify either through the Netlify website or using Netlify’s CLI tool.

Option 1: Using Netlify’s Website

After logging in with Netlify, go to the dashboard. Then, at the top right of the “Sites” section, click on “Add new site”, then click on “Import an existing project” from the dropdown.

note

Alternatively, if you don’t have any other websites, you’ll see a big button that says “Import an existing project”.

Create a new website

You’ll then be asked to connect to a Git provider.

Connect Git Provider

Choose GitHub. You’ll then be redirected to GitHub’s website to give Netlify permissions if you haven’t done that before.

After you authorize Netlify to use GitHub, you’ll be asked to pick the repository you want to deploy. Pick the repository you just created.

Choose Repository

In the form that shows, keep all fields the same and click on the “Show advanced” button before the “Deploy site” button.

Show advanced Button

Under the “Advanced build settings” section click on the “New variable” button. This will show two inputs for the key and value of the environment variable.

For the first field enter the key GATSBY_MEDUSA_BACKEND_URL and for the value enter the URL of your Medusa server.

caution

If you haven’t deployed your Medusa server yet, you can leave the value blank for now and add it later. However, the build process for the Gatsby storefront will fail.

Environment Variable

note

If you use more environment variables in your storefront be sure to add them here.

Once you’re done, scroll down and click on Deploy site.

You’ll be then redirected to the dashboard of the new website. Netlify will build your website in the background. You should see “Site deploy in progress” on the top card.

Site Deployment Progress

The deployment can take a few minutes.

Once the deployment is done, you’ll find the URL in the place of the “Site deploy in progress” message you saw earlier.

tip

If you haven’t added any products to your Medusa server, the build process might fail. It’s recommended to add some products to the server first in that case.

Alternatively, you can seed the server with demo data by running this command in the root directory of the server:

medusa seed -f data/seed.json

Deployment Complete

If you click on it, you’ll be redirected to the deployed storefront website.

Gatsby Storefront

caution

At this point, you will face errors related to Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) while using the storefront. Before you start using the storefront, follow along the Configure CORS on the Medusa Server section.

Option 2: Using Netlify’s CLI Tool

In this section, you’ll deploy the Gatsby storefront using Netlify’s CLI tool.

Install the Netlify CLI tool

If you don’t have the tool installed, run the following command to install it:

npm install netlify-cli -g

Login to Netlify

Then, run the following command to log in to Netlify in your terminal:

netlify login

This opens a page to log in on your browser. You’ll be asked to authorize the Netlify CLI tool.

Authorize Application

Click on Authorize. Then, you can go back to your terminal and see that you’ve successfully logged in.

Authorized Message

Initialize Netlify Website

In your terminal, run the following command:

netlify init

You’ll have to follow five steps for the initialization:

Step 1: Create Netlify Website

You’ll be asked to either connect to an existing Netlify website or create a new one. Choose the second option to create a new site:

? What would you like to do? 
⇄ Connect this directory to an existing Netlify site
❯ + Create & configure a new site
Step 2: Choose Netlify Team

Choose the team you want to create the website in if you have multiple teams.

Step 3: Enter Site Name

You’ll be asked to optionally enter a site name.

Step 4: Configure Webhooks and Deployment Keys

At this point, the website is created on Netlify. However, Netlify needs to configure Webhooks and deployment keys. You’ll be asked to either authorize GitHub through Netlify’s website or through a personal access token. You’re free to choose either:

? Netlify CLI needs access to your GitHub account to configure Webhooks and Depl
oy Keys. What would you like to do? (Use arrow keys)
❯ Authorize with GitHub through app.netlify.com
Authorize with a GitHub personal access token

If you pick the first option, a page in your browser will open where you have to grant authorization to your Git provider.

If you pick the second option, you’ll need to create a personal access token on GitHub. You can follow this guide in GitHub’s documentation to learn how to do it.

Last Step: Steps with Default Values

For the rest of the steps, you can keep the default values provided by Netlify and press the “Enter” key on your keyboard for each.

Set Environment Variables

After the previous command has finished running, your Netlify website will be created. The next step is to add an environment variable that points to your Medusa server.

caution

If you haven’t deployed your Medusa server yet, you can leave the value blank for now and add it later. However, the build process for the Gatsby storefront will fail.

Run the following command to add the environment variable:

netlify env:set GATSBY_MEDUSA_BACKEND_URL "<YOUR_SERVER_URL>"

Where <YOUR_SERVER_URL> is the URL of your Medusa server.

note

If you use more environment variables in your storefront be sure to add them here.

Check deployment status

You can check the deployment status of your website by running the following command:

netlify watch

After the deployment has been completed, you should see a message saying “Deploy complete” with URLs to your website.

tip

If you haven’t added any products to your Medusa server, the build process might fail. It’s recommended to add some products to the server first in that case.

Alternatively, you can seed the server with demo data by running this command in the root directory of the server:

medusa seed -f data/seed.json

Open the Gatsby storefront Website

To open the Gatsby storefront website, either use the URL shown to you or run the following command:

netlify open:site

The Gatsby storefront will then open in your browser.

Gatsby Storefront

Before you can use the Gatsby storefront, you must add the URL as an environment variable on your deployed Medusa server.

Configure CORS Variable on the Medusa Server

To send requests to the Medusa server from the Gatsby storefront, you must set the STORE_CORS environment variable on your server to the Gatsby storefront’s URL.

caution

If you want to set a custom domain to your Gatsby storefront website on Netlify, make sure to do it before this step. You can refer to this guide on Netlify’s documentation to learn how to add a custom domain.

On your Medusa server, add the following environment variable:

STORE_CORS=<STOREFRONT_URL>

Where <STOREFRONT_URL> is the URL of your Gatsby storefront that you just deployed.

Then, restart your Medusa server. Once the server is running again, you can use your Gatsby storefront.

What’s Next 🚀