In this document, you’ll learn about what Migrations are, their purpose, how you can run them, and how you can create your own Migrations.
Medusa’s Migrations do not work with SQLite databases. They are intended to be used with PostgreSQL databases, which is the recommended Database for your Medusa production server.
Migrations are scripts that are used to make additions or changes to your database schema. In Medusa, they are essential for both when you first install your server and for subsequent server upgrades later on.
When you first create your Medusa server, the database schema used must have all the tables necessary for the server to run.
When a new Medusa version introduces changes to the database schema, you'll have to run migrations to apply them to your own database.
Migrations are used to apply changes to the database schema. However, there are some version updates of Medusa that require updating the data in your database to fit the new schema. Those are specific to each version and you should check out the version under Upgrade Guides for details on the steps.
How to Run Migrations
Migrations in Medusa can be done in one of two ways:
Using the Medusa CLI tool, you can run migrations with the following command:
medusa migrations run
This will check for any migrations that contain changes to your database schema that aren't applied yet and run them on your server.
Seeding is the process of filling your database with data that is either essential or for testing and demo purposes. In Medusa, the
seed command will run the migrations to your database if necessary before it seeds your database with dummy data.
You can use the following command to seed your database:
npm run seed
yarn run seed
This will use the underlying
seed command provided by Medusa's CLI to seed your database with data from the file
data/seed.json on your Medusa server.
How to Create Migrations
In this section, you’ll learn how to create your own migrations using Typeorm. This will allow you to modify Medusa’s predefined tables or create your own tables.
To create a migration that makes changes to your Medusa schema, run the following command:
npx typeorm migration:create -n UserChanged --dir src/migrations
The migration file must be inside the
src/migrations directory. When the build command is run, it will be transpiled into the directory
migrations run command can only pick up migrations under the
This will create the migration file in the path you specify. You can use this without the need to install Typeorm's CLI tool. You can then go ahead and make changes to it as necessary.
You can learn more about writing migrations in Typeorm’s Documentation.
npm run build
yarn run build
The last step is to run the migration with the command detailed earlier
medusa migrations run
If you check your database now you should see that the change defined by the migration has been applied successfully.
What’s Next 🚀
- Learn more about setting up your development server.